The Oxygen Catastrophe Button for link to Chinese version of this page

The Oxygen Catastrophe, the first of several mass extinctions and die-offs. The Great Oxidization was the first of several times in the Earth’s history when Life has been threatened by dramatic changes. Asteroid impacts, tremendous volcanic action, continental shifts resulting in drastic changes in climate, and the emergence or transmission of new life forms, whether larger animals or microscopic germs, can upset old patterns of life and wipe out species. The boundary between the Permian age and the Triassic (about 250 millions years ago) was one of the great mass extinctions, and so was the more famous K-T boundary at the end of the Cretaceous, about 65 million years ago. Before these, there were tough times for life during the Cryogenian eras (most recently ending about 630 million years ago). One of the earliest mass die-offs probably occurred about 2.7 billion years ago when some microorganisms began to use photosynthesis, which gives off elemental Oxygen as a byproduct. Oxygen shot up from 0.002 percent of the atmosphere to something closer to the level of elemental oxygen in our atmosphere today (20 percent). Many older microorganisms had evolved in a low-oxygen atmosphere, and they were killed off by the new higher concentrations of oxygen.


Links about the oxygen catastrophe:
  1. The wise geek’s page about the origins of our atmosphere.
  2. Jennifer’s page about the Oxygen Revolution and the healing of our planet.
  3. Andrew Alden’s page about the Precambrian begins with a good discussion of the Oxygen Catastrophe.
  4. The first three paragraphs of this lecture by professor Thorne Lay of U-Cal Santa Cruz descibe the oxygen catastrophe.
  5. The page about the oxygen revolution from the Walk Through Time at the Foundation for Global Community website.
Articles of biology: terrestrial animals, trilobite, prokaryote, Metazoa, eukaryote, Ediacaran.
Articles of French history:Eiffel tower, Louvre, Versailles, Notre-Dame de Paris, Paris Opera house. Articles of Chinese history: oil well, abacus, compass, gunpowder, first dictionary, paper money, wheelbarrow.
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